رؤي المفكرين المعاصرين حول إعادة صياغة القانون الإسلامي

  • Saifullah Bhutto ssociate Professor, Deptt of Basic Sciences ,Quaid-e-Awam university of Eng, Science & Tecnology Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ajmal Ph.D Scholar, Department of Islamic and Religious Studies, Hazara University, Mansehra
Keywords: Islamic Law, Reforms, Ijtihad, Revival of Islamic Law, Allama Iqbal, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Jamaluddin Afghani. الإجتهاد، الإصلاحات، القانون الإسلامي، العلامة محمد إقبال، سر سيد أحمد خان، جمال الدين الأفغاني، صياغة


The need to revive the Islamic viewpoint on modern issues has intensified due to major economic, social, and state structural changes. It is a big challenge for Muslim jurists & reformists/revivalists to make important issues concordant with both the teachings of the Shariah & the demands of the modern age. Some examples of these issues include family laws and women working, the issue of half compensation for women in case of murder, solving the issue of women travelling without blood relative (Muharram) while keeping in mind the modern means of transport. The issues related to non-Muslims like acceptance of their witness, equality of Muslim & non-Muslim citizens in political & social affairs. Protection of rights of Muslims living in non-Muslim countries and finding solution of problems they face. Political issues including electoral method, structures of governments. General social issues e.g. legal position and restrictions of family planning. Economic issues like interest-free banking, leasing, and devaluation of currency as a result of inflation. Medical issues like donation & transplantation of organs, cloning etc. Beyond these, there are several judicial & legal issues which need to be reviewed collectively through Ijtihad (the Islamic mechanism of solving problems of every age with deep thought & consideration). Some Muslim scholars have presented their opinion about these issues. We have presented in this paper the views of some of these modern Muslim scholars/thinkers like Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Allamah Muhammad Iqbal and Jamaluddin Afghani. These three were the progressive, moderate and reformist figures of subcontinent who played a significant role in the awakening of Muslim Ummah.