ARABIC-A LEARNED WOMAN AND HER ROLE TO EDUCATE THE SOCIETY AT THE TIME OF PROPHET (PBUH)- SHIFA BINT E ABDULLAH AS A MODEL
المرأة المثقفة ودورها في تثقيف المجتمع في العهد النبوي (صلى الله عليه وسلم) الشفاء بنت عبد الله نموذجا
It has been much written and said about the education of women. This is an undeniable fact today that a society cannot move forward and grow up naturally and scientifically without the vibrant role of women. Most of the modern world's prosperity is due to the extraordinary contribution of women. Western history is full of these contributing women. The case is not different when we throw a glance at the history of Muslims. In fact, beginning from the time of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), we see numerous women playing their role to educate society. The wife of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Syedena Aysha (raziya Allah u anha) could be the best example in this regard. But before her, there was a woman known as the Shifa bint Abdullah Al Adawiy’ah (raziya Allah u anha), she was a learned woman and the teacher of the Prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) wife Syedena Hafsa (raziya Allah u anha) as she was assigned this duty by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Later, she was given the responsibility of market monitoring by the Caliph Umar (raziya Allah u anhu). In Islam, women have been given freedom in most aspects of life including education, nursing in common, and trading in particular, but this freedom is somehow restricted by some conditions. Generally, Islam likes women to be staying at home, but for the need of society whether individual or communal, Islam allows them to go out and work under certain conditions. Nowadays we see so many misconceptions assumed by the so-called Muslim and Non-Muslim intellectuals about the education of Muslim women and their permissible constructive role in society, This article discusses the Islamic perspective of woman education in common and the role of Shiffa bint Abdullah Al Adawiy’ah (raziya Allah u anha) in particular in this regard.