URDU-IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHORITY OF WEAK HADITH (RESEARCH AND ANALYTICAL STUDY)

ضعیف حدیث کی معرفت و حجیت تحقیقی و تجزیاتی مطالعہ

  • Dr. Shahzada Imran Ayub Associate Professor, Dept of Islamic Studies, Division of Islamic & Oriental Learning, University of Education, Lower Mall Campus, Lahore https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5840-1646
  • Dr. Shams ul Arifeen Associate Professor, Dept of Islamic Studies, The University of Lahore, Lahore. https://orcid.org/0009-0005-8537-6983
Keywords: Hadith, Weak, Narration, Muhadditheen, Protection, Rules, Authentic, Fabricated.

Abstract

The basis of the religion of Islam is the Prophetic Hadith as well as the Holy Quran. Therefore, Allah SWT has arranged for the protection of the Holy Quran as well as the hadith of the Prophet and he created such scholars and muhaddith who worked hard day and night not only to point out the weak and fabricated traditions but also to convey authentic hadith to the Ummah. In fact, such a hadith is said to be weak, which does not meet the conditions of sahih. In terms of weakness, there are different grades and levels of weak hadith, among which the most severe is the name of "Modhoo`". It is not permissible to act on traditions with severe weakness, everyone agrees on this. The difference is whether a less weak tradition can be followed? so there are three different opinions of scholars about this; One is that weak hadith is absolutely valid, be it in terms of rules or virtues. The second opinion is completely opposite to this that a weak hadith is absolutely not valid for proof, be it in terms of rulings or virtues. The third opinion is that a weak hadith is an authority in virtues, not in rules, with a few conditions. According to me second opinion is preferable.

Published
2023-06-22