ENGLISH:ABSENCE OF EFFECTIVE GOVERNANCE IN PAKISTANI SOCIETY: LESSONS TO BE LEARNT BY MODEL OF GOVERNANCE BY HAZRAT UMAR R.A.
The social setup of Pakistan is a mixture of Islamic, Hindu, and British patterns. Pakistani society has faced mismanagement in the provision of basic facilities due to unfavorable political conditions since independence 1947. Pakistan got independence on the name of Islam and Islam is considered as a model religion when it comes to basic human rights as it provides clarification of social norms either in private or practical lives. Allah has sent Prophets to rule over a group of people basically to teach them and guide them towards the purpose of life and manners to live it. The Prophets and Caliphs have been an example of dignity for their nations. This gives a clear example that how much importance Islam has given to social issues and how to resolve these to build an ethical society. One of the major issues faced by Pakistani society is the absence of good governance which ultimately becomes the reason of instability and bungling in almost every sector of development. Pakistan possesses a history of the bumpy democratic system of governments which results in the absence of an organized social setup even after 75 years of independence. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a research on social and political issues at the ground level of Pakistani society. It compares the reasons of the failure of the political system at the local level and lessons to be learnt by following the Islamic Model of governance by Hazrat Umar Farooq R.A.