URDU-SPECIFIC STYLES OF IMAM SHOWKANI IN THE DERIVATION OF THE RULINGS (AN (EXPLORATORY AND ANALYTICAL STUDY)

استنباط ِ احکام میں امام شوکانی ؒکے مخصوص اسالیب (ایک تحقیقی و تجزیاتی مطالعہ)

  • Muhammad Saad Dehlvi Ph.D Scholar, Dept of Islamic Studies, The University of Lahore, Lahore. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0291-9462
  • Shahzada Imran Ayub Associate Professor, Dept of Islamic Studies, Division of Islamic and Oriental Learning, University of Education, Lower Mall Campus, Lahore https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5840-1646
Keywords: Showkani, Hadith, Fiqh, Ijtihad, Usool, derivation, Sharia, arguments, objectives, Arabic language.

Abstract

Imam Shukani was skilled not only in hadith and jurisprudence but also in various other sciences and arts. This is the reason why his biographers have given him the status of Muhaddith and Faqeeh, as well as Mufassir (مفسر), Usooli (اصولی), Mua`rrikh (مؤرخ), Adeeb (ادیب), Nahvi (نحوی) and logician (منطقی). Since our subject in the present paper is related to his jurisprudential derivation, ten important styles of his derivation of rulings have been selected and copied here, and here they are: He decides on the basis of argument in deriving jurisprudential rulings. Consider the apparent meaning of the text as much as possible. He is convinced of the collection and implementation of arguments. In deriving rulings, it relies on the principles and rules of the Arabic language. Convinced to combine Furoo` (فروع) with principle. Where necessary, he makes inferences from rational reasoning. It also pays attention to the practical aspects and the prevailing situation of the problem, keeping in view the social foundations. Respect the objectives of Sharia. In jurisprudence, he adopts the approach of independence. These points will be presented in detail in this paper.

Published
2023-11-11