مقاصدِ شریعہ اور انسان کے بنیادی حقوق

  • Sanaullah Bhutto
  • Saifullah Bhutto Assistant Professor Islamic Studies/Ethics Dept. of Basic Sciences & Related Studies Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakista
Keywords: Human rights, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Islamic Laws, Social Issues.


In the history of the social evolution of humans, many divine and secular ideologies have been introduced. Every nation designed principles for their social needs according to their own circumstances. As societies grew with the passage of time, different kinds of needs and problems started arising. To solve these problems, new laws and constitutions were made but the purpose behind those secular laws was always to accomplish personal objectives and wishes therefore leaving no code of conduct for collective and national objectives. Violation of human rights, injustice and corruption reached to such an extent that it resulted into two terrible world wars. These two wars forced humans to think about making laws for the protection of basic human rights. As a result, the United Nations Organization was established in 1941 through the San Francisco Charter after the Washington-Moscow negotiations. The U.N.O general assembly approved a charter named Universal Declaration of Human Rights on the 10th of December 1948, on the basis of which every year on the same date a day of human rights is celebrated in every country.The concept of basic human rights, which the Western nations only knew one century ago, was infact introduced by Islam 14 centuries ago. This article proves this fact with authentic arguments on the basis of a comparative study of the laws of basic human rights made by Europeans and laws introduced by Islam. Islam is a social religion that also conforms with the nature of humans and its’ laws are valid and practicable until the end of time. Humans will surely be blessed in this world an in the hereafter if they adopt the laws of Islam individually or collectively.